Can US be trusted anymore amid talks of Iran nuclear deal scrapping?


Can US be trusted anymore amid talks of Iran nuclear deal scrapping?
  1. Can US be trusted anymore amid talks of Iran nuclear deal scrapping?
    presstv.com
    Is the US a reliable partner anymore if Washington scraps Iran’s nuclear d…
    Media

As a growing number of indications suggest that US President Donald Trump is unlikely to certify Iran’s nuclear deal with world powers, the international community, particularly Washington’s Western allies, faces the question of whether the US can be trusted in any future international deal.

The US Republican president faces an October 15 deadline for certifying that Iran is complying with the deal. Such certification is needed by US law every 90 days in order for Congress to continue to withhold nuclear-related sanctions against Iran, itself a US commitment under the 2015 nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

The Trump administration has twice so far certified Iran’s compliance with the deal, but reports say he will most likely refuse to do that for a third time, leaving the Republican-controlled Congress to decide in 60 days whether to re-impose anti-Iran sanctions waived under the deal. That would let Congress effectively decide whether to kill the deal.

While the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has on multiple occasions confirmed Iran’s compliance with its commitments under the nuclear deal, the Trump administration itself has not been able to point to a single area in which Iran is in breach of the terms of the agreement.   

Trump’s likely decision not to certify the JCPOA comes in defiance of fierce opposition from the other parties to the deal, including the UK, Germany, France, Russia and China.

Political observers have warned that any unilateral action by the United States based on unsupported claims of Iranian non-compliance would isolate Washington, impede future efforts for other nonproliferation agreements in the broader international community and increase the likelihood of a wider conflict in the Middle East.

Reports from Washington suggest that trump will decertify the deal, overruling his own national security team, but quietly encourage Congress not to re-impose sanctions against Iran.

Political observers say even if Congress decides to re-impose the sanctions, a dispute resolution process provides another month before the US makes it clear that it is no longer a party to an agreement accepted by its key allies, the rest of the UN Security Council and Iran.

The International Crisis Group has warned that any US decision to unravel the JCPOA would have “unfathomable” consequences for the Middle East, noting, “To imagine a stronger pact can be built on its ruins is a chimera, as destroying it - even if gradually - would also destroy the hint of trust that led the parties to compromise.”

PressTV-Iran not in ‘collision course’ with US: Zarif The Iranian foreign minister says the US is on a "collision course" with the international community over the 2015 nuclear deal.

After the leaders of the European signatories to the JCPOA -- the UK, France and Germany -- could not convince Trump of the dangers of killing Iran’s nuclear deal during their one-on-one sessions with the US president at the UN General Assembly in mid-September, the countries are now focusing their lobbying efforts on the US Congress.

EU Ambassador to the US David O’Sullivan and his French, German, and British counterparts met with congressional lawmakers this week to explain why Europe believes Iran’s nuclear deal is working.

O’Sullivan noted that Trump’s possible refusal to certify the deal will just pass the issue to Congress, and expressed confidence that Washington will not walk away from the JCPOA.

The top European diplomat reaffirmed the 28-member EU’s commitment to the nuclear deal, noting that as long as the bloc unanimously agrees Iran is fully respecting its obligations, the deal must stay in place.

O’Sullivan noted the way Washington proceeds on the JCPOA this time would have implications for the credibility of US behavior in other situations of multilateral diplomacy.

Since the prospect of an imminent re-imposition of anti-Iran sanctions poses threats against the European firms doing business with Iran, the EU considers reversing to a 1990s-era law that protects European companies from American extraterritorial sanctions.

In a sign of further rift with the US, the EU has sided with Iran in asserting that the deal is non-negotiable, defying Washington’s calls for renegotiating the terms of the JCPOA.

PressTV-‘JCPOA among intl. community’s major achievements’ Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has hailed the international nuclear agreement with Iran as one of the most important achievements of the international community.

According to Pierre Vimont, a former senior European diplomat and French ambassador to Washington, there is the question of American credibility and reliability, noting that traditional US allies like Egypt, Turkey and Saudi Arabia are exploring stronger relations with Russia, which is seen as “more predictable, more serious and more rational” now than Washington.

German ambassador to the US Peter Wittig has also strongly opposed Trump’s stance on the Iran deal, saying, “It would send a signal that diplomacy is not reliable, that you cannot trust diplomatic agreements, and that would affect, I believe, our credibility in the West when we are not honoring an agreement that Iran has not violated.”

This is not the first time that the international community witnesses US efforts to renege on a multilateral agreement.

In June, Trump announced that he would pull the United States out of the 2015 global agreement to fight climate change, characterizing the decision as "a reassertion of…

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