Latest news from Eurekalert.org - Biology feed

Latest news from Eurekalert.org - Biology feed

  1. Genetic body/brain connection identified in genomic region linked to autism

    10.06 / 21:54 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research) For the first time, Whitehead Institute scientists have documented a direct link between deletions in two genes--fam57ba and doc2a--in zebrafish and certain brain and body traits, such as seizures, hyperactivity, large head size, and increased fat content. Both genes reside in the 16p11.2 region of the genome, which has been linked to multiple brain and body disorders in humans, including autism spectrum disorder, developmental delays,…
  2. DNA damage caused by cancer treatment reversed by ZATT protein

    10.06 / 18:53 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences) An international team led by scientists at the National Institutes of Health is the first to discover a new way that cells fix an important and dangerous type of DNA damage known as a DNA-protein cross-link (DPC). The researchers found that a protein named ZATT can eliminate DPCs with the help of another protein,…
  3. UTA develops cutting-edge lubricant technologies to improve gas mileage, reduce wear

    10.06 / 18:53 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (University of Texas at Arlington) Researchers at the University of Texas at Arlington have developed a pipeline of new vehicle lubricant technologies that lower greenhouse gas emissions, reduce wear and improve gas mileage, as part of an 18-year collaboration with ESL TEKnologies and its predecessor companies in…
  4. New techniques may help scientists understand and manipulate bone remodeling

    10.06 / 18:53 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (University of Akron) Individuals with osteoporosis, and diseases like it, have access to a number of treatments but no permanent solution. However, that may soon change thanks to a University of Akron researcher awarded an NSF grant to study how cells communicate to regrow bone tissue. If the project is successful, this platform could be used to test the safety and efficacy of medications meant to halt bone loss, such as drugs for osteoporosis and bone…
  5. A dash of gold improves microlasers

    10.06 / 18:53 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (University of Southern California) By attaching gold nanoparticles to the surface of a microlaser, researchers in the USC Viterbi School of Engineering demonstrated a frequency comb that takes up less space and requires 1000 times less power than current comb…
  6. Deer prefer native plants leaving lasting damage on forests

    10.06 / 18:53 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (Cornell University) When rampant white-tailed deer graze in forests, they prefer to eat native plants over certain unpalatable invasive plants, such as garlic mustard and Japanese stiltgrass. These eating habits lower native plant diversity and abundance, while increasing the proportion of plant communities made up of non-native species, according to a new…
  7. Preeclampsia triggered by an overdose of gene activity

    10.06 / 16:13 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association) Preclampsia, the most dangerous form of hypertension during a pregnancy, is known to originate in the placenta. But the root causes remain largely a mystery. Findings from MDC scientists reveal that it is not a single disease caused solely by genetic factors: Epigenetically regulated genes play an important role. The Berlin research team also developed an in vitro model of the disorder which demonstrates the…
  8. Markey's Blackburn earns NIH New Innovator Award for cancer research

    10.06 / 16:13 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (University of Kentucky) University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center Researcher Jessica Blackburn has earned a prestigious National Institutes of Health's New Innovator Award, a grant totaling $1.5 million over five years to fund pediatric cancer…
  9. Researchers help develop new antifungal drug

    10.06 / 14:33 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (University of Liverpool) University researchers, working with F2G Limited (Eccles, Manchester), have developed a new antifungal drug to help in the treatment of life threatening invasive fungal infections such as invasive…
  10. Plant cells survive but stop dividing upon DNA damage

    10.06 / 14:33 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (Nara Institute of Science and Technology) The cell cycle is how a cell passes its DNA but ceases if the DNA is damaged, as otherwise it risks passing this damage to daughter cells. Scientists at the Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) report a new molecular mechanism that explains how this cessation occurs. The study shows that the transcription factor family MYB3R is normally degraded, but accumulates upon DNA damage to prevent cell cycle…
  11. Sustainable financing of conservation just got a major boost

    10.06 / 09:34 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (Wildlife Conservation Society) The Conservation Finance Alliance (CFA) announced today that the French Facility for Global Environment / Fonds Français pour l'Environnement Mondial (FFEM) and the MAVA Foundation have jointly awarded 701,114 Euros (822,315 USD) to support…
  12. 'Transformative' research unrealistic to predict, scientists tell granting agencies

    10.06 / 09:34 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (Oregon State University) Research-funding agencies that require scientists to declare at the proposal stage how their projects will be 'transformative' may actually be hindering…
  13. Smart bandage could promote better, faster healing

    10.06 / 09:34 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (University of Nebraska-Lincoln) Wireless microcontrollers release precise amounts of antibiotics, painkillers, growth factors or other medications. The bandage, which remains several years from market, could improve treatment of chronic skin wounds related to…
  14. DSI professor conducts research to combat pancreatic cancer

    10.06 / 09:34 eurekalert.org Eurekalert.org - Biology
    (Data Science Institute at Columbia) Tal Danino, a professor at the Data Science Institute, is conducting research that could help scientists combat the most lethal of cancers: pancreatic cancer.In a recent study, working with a team of researchers, Danino demonstrated that bacteria in pancreatic tumors degrade a chemotherapy drug -- Gemcitabine -- most commonly used to treat patients who have pancreatic…